Tim Berners-Lee über Facebook, Apple und andere walled gardens

Artikel in der Scientific American:
Long Live the Web: A Call for Continued Open Standards and Neutrality

Über Facebook:

The isolation occurs because each piece of information does not have a URI. Connections among data exist only within a site. So the more you enter, the more you become locked in. Your social-networking site becomes a central platform?a closed silo of content, and one that does not give you full control over your information in it. The more this kind of architecture gains widespread use, the more the Web becomes fragmented, and the less we enjoy a single, universal information space.

Über Apple iTunes:

In contrast, not using open standards creates closed worlds. Apple?s iTunes system, for example, identifies songs and videos using URIs that are open. But instead of ?http:? the addresses begin with ?itunes:,? which is proprietary. You can access an ?itunes:? link only using Apple?s proprietary iTunes program. You can?t make a link to any information in the iTunes world?a song or information about a band. You can?t send that link to someone else to see. You are no longer on the Web. The iTunes world is centralized and walled off. You are trapped in a single store, rather than being on the open marketplace. For all the store?s wonderful features, its evolution is limited to what one company thinks up.

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